Fred Zimmerman and Dave Beal.
The contributors to this book include academics, journalists, professionals, people we met on our travels through factories, and the beloved members of our own families. It would be
impossible for us to mention them all just as it would be beyond the scope of Ford, 3M, or Deere to recognize all the people who contribute so meaningfully to the creation and production of the goods those companies make. But we would like to single out a few people as particularly helpful.
Bob Werner, of the University of St. Thomas Geography Department, offered much help to us in formatting complex geographic material. David Hall, the Pulliam Professor of Journalism at DePauw University, gave us many useful suggestions for personalizing the data, focusing our ideas, and writing concisely. Professors John Adams and Ed Schuh, of the University of Minnesotas Humphrey Institute, provided needed advice on how we could better address the myriad of research imperatives that surfaced as we analyzed 30 years of data from thousands of governments and companies. Chris Worthington, Senior Editor for Business and Technology at the St. Paul Pioneer Press, cleared the way for us to publish in that newspaper a special report on manufacturing that helped develop our ideas for a broad audience. Art Rolnick, of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, provided both welcome humor and access to some of the most useful research. Stock market historian Steve Leuthold supplied financial data and explanations illuminating securities market trends. Graham Toft, an economic development specialist in Indiana, helped us ferret out important considerations not always present in the data.
We are also indebted to our many friends who cheerfully escorted us through their factories and provided us with valuable insights into the inner workings of an industrial economy. They include Red Heitkamp of Remmele Engineering, Keith Busse of Steel Dynamics, Tony Johnson of Dura Automotive, Gary Gately of Porter-Cable, Dick Peterson of Ford, Dane Miller of Biomet, Dick Conrow of C&A Tool, Bill Kuban of Kurt Manufacturing, Fred Berdaas of Bermo, and Bob Olson of Winnebago. It would not have been possible for us to write this book without them.
We benefited from the wisdom of people living in the communities we described and analyzed. Especially helpful were Frank Maguire in Philadelphia, Lincoln Schrock in Fort Wayne, Bob Cook in Tennessee, Shelia Dunigan in North Carolina, and Frank Riley in Connecticut. Riley took the time to write several letters updating us on the status of U.S. industry and the state of its technology. These were precious contributions.
Our employers, the University of St. Thomas and the Pioneer Press, also helpedperhaps more than they initially intended. Both remained supportive as our project grew in scope and depth and came to span nearly a decade. Special thanks are due to Dr. Ron Bennett, Chair of the Engineering Department at the University of St. Thomas, Reverend Dennis Dease, President, and Quentin Hietpas, Vice President of External Affairs, for their enthusiastic moral support and their creative ideas for external funding.
We received grants from the Bauervic Foundation in Michigan and the McKnight Foundation in Minnesota, which were critical in providing us with significantly more time and resources to pursue our project.
Several librarians helped us greatlyespecially Eric Kallas, of the University of St. Thomas Library system, and Steve Plumb, of the Hill Reference Library.
And we are indebted to Jean Iversen, our editor at Dearborn, for her competence and resourcefulness in helping us to improve our manuscript.
Finally, our families deserve special mention. Neither family is small. One author has six children, the other five. During the course of our effort, we engaged in countless late-night conversations and debates about this book. We also worked through 14 graduations, 4 weddings, and the birth of 4 grandchildren. Our spouses began to wonder if we would ever finish, but they remained consistently cheerful and encouraging. Both Joanell and Caroline did heavy duty in shouldering family responsibilities, tasks we should have taken on more often. They also provided valuable critiques, which often influenced what we emphasized in the manuscript. They were wonderful, and remain so every minute of every day.
Prologue Part 1, Chapter 1
Copyright © 2002 by Frederick M. Zimmerman and David Beal
University of St. Thomas
St. Paul, MN 55105 USA
Revised June 29, 2002