4. Studio portrait

A portrait with its carefully arranged lighting, deliberate pose, choice of dress and sometimes use of props would seem to be the definition of an art photo. But again the lines blur when we consider how the photo is used and how viewers interpret it.

An example is Steve Curry’s 1984 portrait a 12-year-old Afghan refugee in a camp on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. It has the carefully lit look of a studio portrait, but the photo, published on a National Geographic cover in 1985, is one of the most striking and iconic images of the 20th Century. It is considered a stunning example of photojournalism.

For 17 years Curry searched for the Afghan girl. He found her in 2002 and shot virtually the same portrait — but of a much different person.

Afghan girl before and after