Actor Kevin Spacey. © 2012 Brian Harkin

7. Environmental portrait

Photojournalist Brian Harkin, whose specialty is environmental portraits, defines the genre:

An environmental portrait, also called a location portrait, uses a person’s surroundings to tell more about that person. Sometimes this environment is directly connected to who they are — it’s that person’s home, place of work or community. Other times the environment has little or no connection but helps create a mood that contributes to an understanding of that person.

Read more from photojournalist Brian Harkin.