Paths of meaning
The semiotic idea of intertextuality, according to Julia Kristeva (1980) describes texts being placed along two axes:
- A vertical axis connects the author and viewer of a text.
- A horizontal axis connects the text to other texts
- Shared codes unite the axes.
- The texts themselves and how we read the texts depends on codes known to the author and the reader.
- Every text has the codes shared by the author and other authors of other texts imposed upon it.
According to this thinking, instead of examining just the structure of a text, we should study how the structure came into being in relationship to “previous or synchronic texts,” Kristeva writes, where every text is a “transformation” of previous texts.