Mise en scène:
A way of looking at film
Mise en scène is a method of analyzing “film as film,” separate from the social context surrounding the film. It focuses on what can be seen in the frame and how it got there. It originated with critics writing for the French film journal Les Cahiers du Cinéma in the 1950s.
Unless the film is made using computer generated imagery, something must exist for the camera to film, what the critics called the pro-filmic event. This event will consist of actors performing in a setting. The point of view is wholly determined by the position of the camera, as decided by the director.