Defining mise en scène
In the first edition of Film Art (1979), David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson write that mise en scène consists of:
- expression and movement of the actors in the scene
Bruce Kawin in his book How Movies Work (1992) also includes:
- choice of filmstock (black-and-white or color, fine-grain or grainy)
- aspect ratio (the proportion of the screen)
- framing (how much of the set or cast will be shown at a time)
- camera placement and movement
- sound environment.
Sound as used here means diegetic sound. It is the sound coming from the scene, such as dialogue or the crash as a car hits a light pole. It does not include sound added over the top of the scene, such as narration and sound-track music.