Filming Citizen Kane

Camera position controls the point of view. It is one of the main tools in the hands of the director.

Defining mise en scène

In the first edition of Film Art (1979), David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson write that mise en scène consists of:

Bruce Kawin in his book How Movies Work (1992) also includes:

Sound as used here means diegetic sound. It is the sound coming from the scene, such as dialogue or the crash as a car hits a light pole. It does not include sound added over the top of the scene, such as narration and sound-track music.