The war begins with France
The creditors decided intervention was necessary to collect the debts
from Mexico. However, France had its own agenda. It wanted to throw the
Mexican government and set up a monarch. France wanted this war to
provide raw materials and trade for European nations. It also hoped to
check the growing power of the United States.
Once France's intent of empire expansion was realized, Spain and England withdrew their support.
France continued with the plan, sending Napoleon's relative, Archduke
Maximilian of Austria, as ruler of Mexico.
After President Juarez learned of France's intentions, he declared martial law and all areas
occupied by the French to be in a state of siege. Meanwhile the French
force of seven thousand set out on the 225 mile route to Mexico City in
early April. They were under the illusion that the Mexican people would
Battle of Puebla