The war begins with France

The creditors decided intervention was necessary to collect the debts from Mexico. However, France had its own agenda. It wanted to throw the Mexican government and set up a monarch. France wanted this war to provide raw materials and trade for European nations. It also hoped to check the growing power of the United States.

Once France's intent of empire expansion was realized, Spain and England withdrew their support. France continued with the plan, sending Napoleon's relative, Archduke Maximilian of Austria, as ruler of Mexico.

After President Juarez learned of France's intentions, he declared martial law and all areas occupied by the French to be in a state of siege. Meanwhile the French force of seven thousand set out on the 225 mile route to Mexico City in early April. They were under the illusion that the Mexican people would be welcoming.

Battle of Puebla

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Last modified May 16, 2006.
Email me at emhelland@stthomas.edu
Copyright © 2006 Erin Helland.