Ida Noddack (Born:
Tacke) (1896 1978)
Ida Tacke was born on February 25, 1896 in Wesel, Germany. She was one of the first German women to
study Chemistry at the Technical University of Berlin. She completed her doctorate in 1921. From 1921
to 1923 she worked as a Chemist at the AEG corporation
in Berlin. From 1924 to 1925 she was with the Siemens
and Halske corporations. From 1925
1935 she worked at the Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt in Berlin. It was during her time there that she
speculated, in response to Enrico Fermis work, that neutron bombardment might
cause fragmentation of the uranium nucleus, thus anticipating the work of Hahn, Strassmann and Meitner and the discovery of nuclear
fission. In 1925 Ida Tacke and her
future husband Walter Noddack published a paper describing their discovery of
element 75 which they named Rhenium. They also announced the discovery of
element 43, but that discovery was disputed and later disproved. In 1926 Ida Tacke married Walter Noddack.
From 1935 1941 she and her husband Walther Noddack worked at the
Institute of Physical Chemistry at the University of Freiburg and from 1942
1944 at the University of Strassbourg.
At the liberation of France
they fled back to Germany
and then to Turkey. They returned to Germany
and were appointed to the Institute for Geochemical Research in Bamberg from 1956 1968.
Ida Noddack-Tacke was nominated three times for the Nobel Prize for
Chemistry, but was never selected for the prize. She and her husband were awarded
the Liebig Medal of the German Chemical Society in 1934 for their discovery of
rhenium. Ida Noddack died on September
24, 1978 in Bad Neuenahr, Germany.